Women in media… again.

The portrayal of women in media is a huge topic of conversation lately. Whether it’s a Hardee’s commercial or the cover of Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition, scandalous pictures of quarter-dressed women are sure to cause controversy.

But something I never hear about is the portrayal of women in children’s movies – specifically, children’s movies made to entertain 8-12 year old boys.

I had this thought when I was reading my favorite supermodel’s twitter feed. Alessandra Ambrosio, an established lingerie and swimsuit model best known for her work as a Victoria’s Secret Angel, was featured in an Elle magazine article about her upcoming role in Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 2. Immediately I thought it was weird. Ambrosio is a sex symbol for sure, and she has never been in a movie. Why didn’t they chose an actress for the role?

I thought more about it. This isn’t the first time a supermodel has starred in a children’s film. There was Megan Fox in Transformers and Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, and Rosie Huntington-Whitley in Transformers. Why are the sexiest supermodels chosen for these roles, and whose idea is it to cast them?

Megan Fox in Transformers 2 Courtesy: Google images
Rosie Huntington-Whiteley in Transformers 3 Courtesy: Google images

My problem with this isn’t the fact that pretty women are chosen to star in children’s films. My problem is that women who are known as lingerie and swimsuit models are chosen for the leading roles, and these movies are aimed towards young boys. What kind of perception is this supposed to give my 8-year-old cousin who watches Transformers movies on repeat?

Don’t get me wrong. I actually love all three of the women I’ve mentioned. I follow them all on Instagram and look forward to seeing Ambrosio walk the VS runway every year. But I’m a 20-year-old who seeks these models out as style and fitness icons. Parents of young boys don’t have much of a choice when it comes to exposing their sons to sexy supermodels early in life. They could obviously forbid their kids from watching the film, but there is always a way to watch it, even if it’s at a friend’s house.

For anyone who isn’t convinced this is a problem, I’d like to leave a closing thought: What if Barbie movies starred half-dressed grown men?

TV a la carte

This past week, I attended the Wade H. Hargrove Media Law and Policy Colloquium featuring David Cohen, the Comcast Executive Vice President. He addressed a number of topics including net neutrality and the possibility of unbundling cable packages. While net neutrality is a topic I know we can’t get enough of recently, I was more intrigued by his discussion about unbundling.

Unbundling a cable package simply means that a cable company (aka Time Warner or Comcast) would offer individual channels to consumers instead of making them pay for a package of channels. Some people only watch ESPN – they would only pay for ESPN. Some people only watch MTV – they would only pay for MTV. Think of it as TV channels a la carte.

This kind of service is already available through the TV services some people choose to use from the Internet. Hulu, Apple TV and individual stations’ websites are examples of this. So wouldn’t it make sense for cable companies to follow the trend?

Cohen said no, and that unbundling channels might make cable more expensive. I did some further research since this was all new to me, and I found there was some legitimacy in Cohen’s point. For example, according to The Atlantic, an ESPN-only package could cost $30 per month – more than an entire month of bundled cable. The same goes for many other major networks including AMC. The reason for this is because every cable subscriber won’t be paying the subscription fee to each channel, and therefor to sustain income, individual channels would have to raise their fees per person.

Another argument, however, is that these individual channels would find a way to downsize according to their new audience size. Of course, I couldn’t find a single article on how this would be possible.

As for me, I have no desire for unbundled channels on TV. Although I don’t watch must TV on a television (I usually go to NBC.com or Netflix), I find myself watching a different channel every time I turn on a TV. I know I’m not the only person who does this – I’m not a crazed sports or politics fan, so I really watch TV for different shows – all of which air on different networks. If cable companies completely unbundled their channels and didn’t offer the standard package at the same cost, I would give up cable altogether.

Will political cartoons adapt?

Last week, I attended a lecture hosted by the UNC Center for Media Law and Policy about political cartoons. Kevin Kallaugher, a political cartoonist at The Economist, spoke about his career experiences and what the future might hold for political cartoonists.

Kallaugher began the lecture by asking everyone in the room who knew a political cartoonist to raise his or her hand. There were about 50 people in the lecture hall – only one person raised his hand. Kallaugher then informed us that this wasn’t shocking at all – there are only about 40 paid editorial cartoonists in the U.S. today, while there were about 2,000 employed editorial cartoonists at the beginning of the 20th century.

Part of the reason for this is that newspapers have had to cut editorial cartoonists from the regular staff. It’s rare, or almost impossible, as a political cartoonist to find a long-term paying job at a newspaper. Because of this, political cartoonists are having to adapt in order to remain relevant. The problem with adapting is that it’s not always profitable – while political cartoonists can put their work on the Internet for the world to see, they won’t always make money from this.

In an article from Big Think called “Is the Editorial Cartoonist Dead?” by Bob Duggan, Duggan says this can also open doors for political cartoonists to freely express themselves, as long as they know they won’t always make money. With more political cartoonists working as free agents, they don’t have to follow the rules of editors, and therefor can use their cartoons to express their opinions freely.

Although I recognize the decline of popularity in political cartoons, I hope the political cartooning industry isn’t dying. I’m a prime example of the fact that my generation hardly looks at political cartoons – I hadn’t given them any thought until I attended this lecture. I could, however, see political cartoons making a come back if cartoonists embraced Internet culture and utilized social media.

The good news is that my generation loves pictures. According to a recent Forbes article, people want visuals. Multi-media platforms are growing in popularity, and most people would rather look at pictures or videos on their cell phones than read an entire story.  An Instagram account with nothing but political cartoons? I’d follow it!

Not everyone uses social media?

Most adults use Instagram. Most adults use Twitter. Most adults at least use Facebook.

At least… that’s what you would think as a college student.

I’m connected with all of my friends on some form of social media. Whether it’s all of the three I mentioned above or just one, it’s guaranteed that if I want to connect with someone on a social media platform, I’ll be able to find that person on a social media platform.

Once in a blue moon, I’ll realize one of my friends doesn’t use a certain form of social media. My friend Laura, for example, revealed to me yesterday that she doesn’t have an Instagram account. (How did I not notice this!?) My friend from class, Nick, then said he isn’t on Twitter. (What!?) Based on my reaction to finding out these people weren’t on one specific social media platform, I guess you can see how rare this finding is for me as a college student.

And not only am I a college student – I’m a college journalism student. With the growth of social media as a news and communication platform, social media is a huge part of my curriculum. The idea of not having it seems extinct.

But in the Pew Research Center’s report on Social Media Site Usage in 2014, there were some shocking statistics. For example, 58% of adults in America use Facebook. Barely more than half. This is probably 20% lower than what I would have estimated, considering the fact that almost every person I know has a Facebook.

The statistics that surprised me the most were the numbers for Twitter and Instagram. Only 21% of American adults use Instagram, and 19% use Twitter. Although this still means millions of people use these social media platforms, it means even more people don’t.

I’m beginning to realize that there is a world outside of my hip college town. Perhaps if I visited a more rural community, I would understand where these statistics came from. Or maybe it isn’t about geography – perhaps those not on Twitter and Instagram are simply not smartphone users. Perhaps the wealth divide in the U.S. is the main reason so many people are left behind.

All I know is that if I don’t send out a tweet or upload a picture on Instagram tomorrow, I’m not behind. I’m actually ahead of at least 81% of the adult population.

Watch what you say. #BoycottDolceGabbana

It’s always a good thing to speak your mind – as individuals, we are entitled to unique thoughts and beliefs. But when you’re the voice of a brand, you should know when to shut up.

We’ve seen CEOs make mistakes before. They make an offensive statement, and people boycott their brand. Dan Cathy, for example, the CEO of Chick-fil-A, with his negative stance on gay marriage a few years ago – I still know people who refuse to eat at Chick-fil-A because they disagree with his beliefs. (I strongly disagree with him as well, but I have to admit I’ve pulled through the Chick-fil-A drive-thru a few times in the last year.) Starbucks has even caught some heat recently in response to its “Race Together” campaign.

Fortunately for Chick-fil-A and Starbucks, the opinions of their CEOs haven’t made much impact on sales. Chick-fil-A is a southern chain, and its followers are pretty loyal no matter what. Starbucks is, well… it’s Starbucks.

So when I heard about the #boycottDolceGabbana campaign on Twitter, I didn’t think much of it. Elton John started a boycott of the Italian fashion house when founders Stefano Gabbana and Domenico Dolce spoke out against non-traditional families and in-vitro fertilization. The two men, gay themselves, said it was wrong for gay couples to adopt children, and also referred to IVF as a way to produce synthetic children.

Elton John, father of two IVF-produced children, immediately spoke out on Twitter, and many celebrities followed. The hashtag #boycottDolceGabbana was trending on Twitter soon after John called for the boycott.

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I think the D&G scandal is even worse than the Starbucks and Chick-fil-A scandals, and here is why:

D&G, a high-fashion label, has a very specific audience, and the majority of this audience consists of celebrities. Hollywood is made up of liberal millionaires and billionaires who have powerful voices, and are often looked at as voices of the LGBT community. Chick-fil-A’s audience, southerners, already lagged behind on progressive views about gay marriage. And like I said, Starbucks is basically a coffee monopoly. They aren’t going anywhere.

So do I think CEOs should be able to speak their minds about things they care about? Yes. But do I think they need to be smart about who their audience is? Even more yes.

Celebrities have been tweeting about the incident since it happened about a week ago. I’m no Anna Wintour, but I’m pretty sure the D&G statements against gay adoption and IVF will have a huge impact on which celebrities represent the brand. I love D&G designs, but I will never look at the fashion house the same way again.

When Social Media Isn’t Enough

Many social media-users, including myself, tend to think of social media as a magical cure-all in communications. I’ve blogged about it before – how intensely I believe that for a brand to be successful today, they need to have a strong social media presence. But a few weeks ago, I had an experience that made me realize there is still more value in one-on-one communication.

My sorority, Zeta Tau Alpha, is hosting its 26th annual Franklin 5k this weekend. For the race, each member of ZTA has to sell 12 shirts. At the beginning of the semester, I wrote eight letters to friends and family who I wanted to invite to the race. The letters took an hour to write, and the whole time I did it I was rolling my eyes because I could have just sent these people an invitation via Facebook, but I figured there was something to be said about putting an active effort into getting people to buy shirts and register for the race.

Out of the eight people I sent letters to, six of them registered for the race. Half of them called me to ask if they could also make a donation. This was awesome – but now I needed to sell six more shirts.

I figured selling six more shirts would be easy if I just made some posts on Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram. So I began doing this immediately.

One day, I posted an Instagram promoting the 5k and telling people to sign up for the race or buy a shirt.  This was two weeks ago – and 154 people liked the photo! I then shared the picture on Facebook where it received 20 likes. I just knew by this point that I had reached my goal number of t-shirt sells.

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But when I went to check the spreadsheet to make sure I had sold 12 t-shirts, I realized I had still only sold six. Even though my posts on Instagram and Facebook drew in almost 200 likes, my social media promotions had gotten me nowhere.

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Since then, I’ve resorted to texting and calling individual people to sell shirts. I think there’s something to be said about personal connections in sales – with a product like a promotional t-shirt or a 5k registration, you have to give people a reason to buy it. The reason probably won’t be that they found your Facebook post intriguing.

A New Way To Pay

I haven’t touched a physical dollar bill in months.

Cash is rarely necessary, so I never feel like I need it. Because of this, my friends and I always have running tabs with each other. (They don’t carry cash either.)

I’m behind the curve when it comes to new payment methods, but a few days ago I found out that Facebook is introducing a way to process payments through Facebook Messenger. Since I get on Facebook at least once a day, I know this new feature is going to solve my payback problems.

Apps for paying your friends already exist – I know a few people who use Venmo, an app specifically designed to allow transactions between mobile devices that accepts debit and credit. My issue with Venmo, however, is simply that it’s another app you have to download.

As apps like Snapchat and Facebook slowly turn into do-it-all platforms, it’s becoming inconvenient to sign up for more social networks than necessary. So when I found out about Facebook Messenger’s payment feature, I was sold.

On Facebook Messenger, you will only be able to use debit accounts for security purposes – the benefit of this is that there will be no service charge. The payment feature will be a “$” icon on the bottom right of the chat screen. Say you bought your friend a concert ticket and you’re chatting about it with him right now – he can pay you back immediately so your seats can be next to each other. Convenient, right?

Facebook is brilliant for including this feature. While I don’t believe Facebook is becoming obsolete at all, I’ve heard many people say the opposite. Features like this one will keep people coming back to Facebook for a long time. It only makes sense that Facebook, where we can already chat with friends, create conversations, groups, events and timelines, would allow us to pay our friends as well.

And to those of you who are afraid of trusting Facebook with your debit card information, have no fear. Facebook has been handling payment transactions for games and advertisements since 2007 and their track record looks great.

Facebook is planning to make the payment feature available to the U.S. in a few months – so get ready to close out your tabs with your pals for good!